Just how real -- or new -- is the so-called hookup culture of casual sex at colleges? Turns out, not so real, or new. Photo Credit: iStock. The "hookup culture" on college campuses has been discussed a lot in recent years, with a particular focus on female students. Are women being empowered by the ability to pursue casual sex just like men, or exploited by a false ideal of liberation that ignores their romantic desires? Amid the hand-wringing and the cheerleading, I have often wondered just how real -- or how new -- this hookup culture really was.
“Hook Up” Culture is a MYTH
Campus Hookup Culture: Myth vs. Reality | JSTOR Daily
According to preliminary research, which sought to track changes in sexuality across generations, the idea that young people are having more sex than ever before is a farce. Scientific American :. They also did not report having more sexual partners since turning Among the first cohort,
The Surprising Reality About Hook-Up Culture in College
The phrase "hookup culture" has been employed in hundreds of think pieces throughout the past decade to illustrate everything from millennial selfishness to the " dating apocalypse " to women's empowerment to women's disempowerment. Many of these discussions operate off the assumptions that casual sex is ubiquitous and relationships are rare on campuses, and that men drive hookup culture while women acquiesce under pressure. In her new book American Hookup , out this week, Lisa Wade, an associate professor of sociology at Occidental College, challenges these myths and others to paint a more complete picture of sex in college. Using surveys and interviews with students on campuses around the country, Wade demonstrates how gender, race, and class come into play within hookup culture. Though hookups are often described as a habit of college students in general, she finds that hookup culture is primarily driven by white, wealthy, heterosexual students.
Martin A. Monto, a professor of sociology at the University of Portland, found in the comparative study "no evidence of substantial changes in sexual behavior that would support the proposition that there is a new or pervasive 'hookup culture' among contemporary college students. Basically, college kids aren't having any more sex today than they did in the s, despite suggestions ahem, New York Times to the contrary. Monto compared national data on two waves of students who had completed at least one year of college. The first wave was from to , the second from to